The largest monkey which lived on Earth was Gigantopithecus. The biggest ape was Gigantopithecus blacki – standing up to 3 meters (9.8 ft) and weighing up to 540 kg (1,190 lb).
Gigantpithecus existed from 9 million years to as recently 100 000 years ago. The first Gigantopithecus remains described by an anthropologist were found in 1935 by Ralph von Koenigswald in an apothecary shop. Fossilized teeth or bones are ground into powder and used in some branches of traditional Chinese medicine.